Data of a Given Property For All Elements

Atomic # Symbol Name Other Information
89AcActiniumFound in pitchblende
13AlAluminumMost abundant element in Earth's crust
Used to be more expensive than Gold
95AmAmericiumUsed in smoke detectors
51SbAntimonyLatin name: Stilbium
Antimony fluoride is one of the most acidic known
18ArArgonThe third of the noble gases
Most comes from radioactive decay of 40-K
33AsArsenicOne of the most popular poisons throughout the ages
Some bacteria may use arsenic in place of phosphorus.
85AtAstatineConsidered to be the rarest of all elements due to very short radioactive half life
56BaBariumOpaque to X-rays
4BeBerylliumGives emeralds their green color
It is ideal for space telescope mirrors
83BiBismuth209-Bi is radioactive but extremely long half life
5BBoronMakes glass oven proof
Second hardest of the elements
35BrBromineCan also be used like Chlorine as a sanitizing agent
Exists in nature as the diatomic molecule Br2
48CdCadmiumKnown for its use in blue pigments
One of the toxic 'heavy metals'
20CaCalciumMakes up 50 percent of bone mass as well as dental enamel
Earth’s largest carbon reservoir in the form of calcium carbonate
6CCarbonBasis of all Organic molecules
More than 80 % of known molecules are carbon based
58CeCeriumUsed in high-intensity lamps of film projectors
55CsCesiumUsed in precise atomic clocks
Goldish rather than silvery in color
17ClChlorineOne of humanity’s best friends used for disinfection
Exists in nature as the diatomic molecule Cl2
24CrChromiumCompounds include numerous pigments including chrome yellow
27CoCobaltOne of the rarest transition metals and an essential ingredient of vitamin B12
Essential ingredient of Vitamin B-12
29CuCopperLatin name: Cuprum
Widely used in electronics
96CmCuriumHighly radioactive and it glows red in the dark
66DyDysprosiumUsed in data storage applications such as compact discs and hard discs
68ErErbiumOne of four elements named after Ytterby, Sweden
63EuEuropiumUsed as an anti-counterfeit measure in Europe as it fluoresces
9FFluorineMost reactive element
Exists in nature as the diatomic molecule F2
87FrFranciumCompleted humankind’s discoveries of naturally occurring elements
64GdGadoliniumBright, soft, silvery-white metal that is both ductile and malleable.
31GaGalliumWill melt in your hand at only 29 deg C
Like water, it expands when freezes
32GeGermaniumUsed widely in semiconductors
Was predicted before discovered
79AuGoldLatin name: Aurum
Widely used in Jewelry and electronics
72HfHafniumHigh-performance electrical insulator
2HeHeliumSmallest element
Its global supply is in critical shortage
67HoHolmiumUsed as a dopant of crystals in high-performance lasers
1HHydrogenMost abundant element in the Universe
Exists in nature as the diatomic molecule H2
49InIndiumUsed in building quantum computers
53IIodineResponsible for the characteristic smell of seaweeds
Exists in nature as the diatomic molecule I2
77IrIridiumRare in Earth’s crust but not in asteroids Helps support Extinction theory
26FeIronLatin name: Ferrum
Nuclear fusion in stars stops at Iron
36KrKryptonProbably has not existed on the Superman's planet
Noble gas that can still form compounds
57LaLanthanumUsed for anodes of nickel-metal hydride batteries
82PbLeadLatin name: Plumbum
Most commonly used for radiation shielding.
3LiLithiumNo such thing as diLithium crystals
As a drug it has long been appreciated as a mood stabilizer
71LuLutertiumTarnishes slowly in air and burns at 150 °C to the oxide.
12MgMagnesiumOne of top-ten elements in the Earth's Crust
Every chlorophyll molecule contains a magnesium ion
25MnManganesePlays a crucial role in photosynthesis
Our bodies can't store it
80HgMercuryLatin name: Hydrargyrum
Only metal liquid at room temperature
42MoMolybdenumUsed as a steel hardener
Found in many enzymes in the human body
60NdNeodymiumStrongest permanent magnets Used in microphones and PC Hard Drives
10NeNeonUsed in Neon lights
True noble (inert) gas
93NpNeptuniumFirst actinide to be synthesized
28NiNickelBacteria use Nickel based enzymes for metabolism
Widely used in metal plating process
41NbNiobiumNamed after the Greek goddess Niobe
7NNitrogenMakes up 80% of our atmosphere
Exists in nature as the diatomic molecule N2
76OsOsmiumDensest of the elements
8OOxygenThird most abundant element in the universe
Exists in nature as the diatomic molecule O2
46PdPalladiumUsed as a catalyst to synthesize organic molecules
15PPhosphorusOne of the crucial building blocks of DNA and ATP
Used in fertilizers
78PtPlatinumWidely used in catalytic converters
Used in jewelry, decoration and dental work
94PuPlutoniumAlso most used in Nuclear weapons
84PoPoloniumWas discovered by Pierre and Marie Curie
19KPotassiumLatin name: Kalium
Crucial element in artificial fertilizers
59PrPraseodymiumUsed in goggles for welders
61PmPromethiumHas no stable isotopes
91PaProtactiniumOne of the rarest and most expensive naturally occurring elements
88RaRadiumDiscovered by Pierre and Marie Curie Was used in luminous watch dials
86RnRadonConsidered to be the second most frequent cause of lung cancer.
75ReRheniumHas the highest boiling point of any element
one of the rarest elements in the Earth’s crust
45RhRhodiumOne of the rarest precious metals
Used in catalytic converters
37RbRubidiumRubidium-87 isotope naturally repel each other
44RuRutheniumIncluded in the tips of ballpoints of Parker pens
62SmSamariumUsed in the dating of rocks and meteorites.
21ScScandiumExistence was predicted by Mendeleyev before its discovery
34SeSeleniumUsed in photovoltaic cells and in shampoos
Can convert light to electricity
14SiSiliconMost of the Earth’s rock and mantle is made of silicate rock
Chemists doubt that silicon-based life could exist
47AgSilverLatin name: Argentum
Widely used in electronics and jewelery
11NaSodiumLatin name: Natrium
Forms one half of ordinary salt NaCl
38SrStrontiumGives stadium flares their brilliant red colors
Sr-90 is notorious for accumulating in the bones
16SSulfurOne of the most important elements in the living cell
Essential for two of the amino acids
73TaTantalumContributed to making cell phones smaller and lighter
43TcTechnetiumNone of its isotopes are stable
Lowest element with no stable isotopes
52TeTelluriumOnly element that easily forms minerals with gold
Te-128 has the longest half-life of any unstable isotope
65TbTerbiumDoes not tarnish rapidly in air
Soft enough to be cut with a knife.
81TlThalliumMost toxic of all the elements
90ThThoriumPromising substitute for Uranium in new generation of nuclear reactors
69TmThuliumUsed in portable x-ray machines
50SnTinLatin name: Stannum
Mixed with tin & copper gives Bronze
22TiTitaniumMain ingredient of white paint as well as sunblock
A favorite material for the structural elements of aircraft
74WTungstenLatin name: Wolfram
Has the highest melting point of all elements
92UUraniumMost noted use is for Nuclear weapons
23VVanadiumImportant ingredient in the fluid that stores energy in flow batteries
Also added to Iron to make steel stronger
54XeXenonFirst noble gas to be shown to form chemical bonds
70YbYtterbiumUsed in infrared lasers for fiber-optic networks
39YYttriumNamed after the small Swedish town of Ytterby
30ZnZincUsed in Galvanization a form of rust proofing
May have been refined as early as 12th century
40ZrZirconiumMost of its use goes into nuclear reactors