PZ =  15

From the Greek "phos + -phoros", meaning "light-bearer"
(AM) Atomic Mass 30.97362  amu    Oxidation States +3, +5, -3
   (BP) Boiling Point 280  °C    (MP) Melting Point 44.1  °C
   (ρ) Density 1.83  g/cm3    Crystal Structure Cubic
   ( χ ) Electronegativity 2.1    (AR) Atomic Radius 1.06  Å
   Physical State Solid (C) Heat Capacity 0.769  J/g °C
Electronic-Config [Ne]  3s2  3p3     (I1) First Ionization E 1011.74  kJ/mol
   (ΔHvap) Heat of Vaporization 12.4  kJ/mol     (ΔHfus) Heat of Fusion 0.66  kJ/mol
   Year of Discovery 1669    Location of Discovery Germany
(E°) Standard Potential H3PO2 + H+⇔ P + 2 H2O (-0.510 V)
Stable isotopes  31P
Discovered/Synthesized by Hennig Brand
Natural Source The mineral/ore hydroxylapatite, fluorapatite, chlorapatite
Common Uses Fertilizer, acids, detergents, matches
Other Info One of the crucial building blocks of DNA and ATP
Used in fertilizers
Previous Element
Next Element
Back to Table
Common Properties
Home Page