ScZ =  21

From the Latin "Scandia", meaning "Scandinavia"
(AM) Atomic Mass 44.95591  amu    Oxidation States +3
   (BP) Boiling Point 2832  °C    (MP) Melting Point 1539  °C
   (ρ) Density 2.98  g/cm3    Crystal Structure Hexagonal
   ( χ ) Electronegativity 1.3    (AR) Atomic Radius 1.44  Å
   Physical State Solid (C) Heat Capacity 0.568  J/g °C
Electronic-Config [Ar]  3d1  4s2     (I1) First Ionization E 631.01  kJ/mol
   (ΔHvap) Heat of Vaporization 332.7  kJ/mol     (ΔHfus) Heat of Fusion 14.1  kJ/mol
   Year of Discovery 1791    Location of Discovery Sweden
(E°) Standard Potential Sc3+⇔ Sc (-2.077 V)
Stable isotopes  45Sc
Discovered/Synthesized by Lars Fredrik Nilson
Natural Source The mineral/ore bastnasite, monazite, loparite
Common Uses Aluminum alloys, racing bikes, stadium lamps, furnace bricks
Other Info Existence was predicted by Mendeleyev before its discovery
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