CZ =  6

From the Latin "charbone", meaning "charcoal"
(AM) Atomic Mass 12.011  amu    Oxidation States +2, +4, -4
   (BP) Boiling Point 4827  °C    (MP) Melting Point 3550  °C
   (ρ) Density 3.52  g/cm3    Crystal Structure Diamond
   ( χ ) Electronegativity 2.5    (AR) Atomic Radius 0.77  Å
   Physical State Solid (C) Heat Capacity 0.709  J/g °C
Electronic-Config 1s2  2s2  2p2     (I1) First Ionization E 1086.42  kJ/mol
   (ΔHvap) Heat of Vaporization 710.9  kJ/mol     (ΔHfus) Heat of Fusion 117  kJ/mol
   Year of Discovery Known to the Ancients    Location of Discovery n/a
(E°) Standard Potential CO2 + 2 H+⇔ CO + H2O (-0.120 V),  CO2 + 2 H+⇔ HCOOH (-0.200 V)
Stable isotopes  12C,  13C
Discovered/Synthesized by Known since ancient times
Natural Source The mineral/ore graphite
Common Uses Carbon fiber, pencils, wood, paper, cloth, plastic, coal, oil
Other Info Basis of all Organic molecules
More than 80 % of known molecules are carbon based
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