VZ =  23

From the Old Norse "Vanadis", meaning "Dís of the Vanir"
(AM) Atomic Mass 50.9415  amu    Oxidation States +2, +3, +4, +5
   (BP) Boiling Point 3380  °C    (MP) Melting Point 1890  °C
   (ρ) Density 6.1  g/cm3    Crystal Structure Body Centered Cubic
   ( χ ) Electronegativity 1.6    (AR) Atomic Radius 1.25  Å
   Physical State Solid (C) Heat Capacity 0.489  J/g °C
Electronic-Config [Ar]  3d3  4s2     (I1) First Ionization E 650.31  kJ/mol
   (ΔHvap) Heat of Vaporization 459  kJ/mol     (ΔHfus) Heat of Fusion 21.5  kJ/mol
   Year of Discovery 1797    Location of Discovery Sweden
(E°) Standard Potential V2+⇔ V (-1.130 V),   V3+⇔ V2+ (-0.260 V)
Stable isotopes  51V
Discovered/Synthesized by Andrés Manuel del Rio, Nils Gabriel Sefstrôm
Natural Source Isolated by the recoverey from petroleum residues
Common Uses Steel, structures, vehicles, springs, driveshafts, tools, aerospace
Other Info Important ingredient in the fluid that stores energy in flow batteries
Also added to Iron to make steel stronger
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