NiZ =  28

From the Swedish "Kopparnickel", meaning "copper-coloured ore"
(AM) Atomic Mass 58.6934  amu    Oxidation States +2, +3
   (BP) Boiling Point 2732  °C    (MP) Melting Point 1453  °C
   (ρ) Density 8.8  g/cm3    Crystal Structure Face Centered Cubic
   ( χ ) Electronegativity 1.8    (AR) Atomic Radius 1.21  Å
   Physical State Solid (C) Heat Capacity 0.444  J/g °C
Electronic-Config [Ar]  3d8  4s2     (I1) First Ionization E 736.66  kJ/mol
   (ΔHvap) Heat of Vaporization 377.5  kJ/mol     (ΔHfus) Heat of Fusion 17.48  kJ/mol
   Year of Discovery 1751    Location of Discovery Sweden
(E°) Standard Potential Ni2+⇔ Ni (-0.250 V)
Stable isotopes  58Ni,  60Ni,  61Ni,  62Ni,  64Ni
Discovered/Synthesized by Axel Fredrik Cronstedt
Natural Source The mineral/ore pentlandite, nickel bearing pyrrhotite
Common Uses Stainless steel, kitchenware, nichrome heaters, coins, nicad batteries
Other Info Bacteria use Nickel based enzymes for metabolism
Widely used in metal plating process
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