AuZ =  79

From the Anglo-Saxon "gold", meaning "to shine"
(AM) Atomic Mass 196.9665  amu    Oxidation States +1, +3
   (BP) Boiling Point 3080  °C    (MP) Melting Point 1064  °C
   (ρ) Density 19.32  g/cm3    Crystal Structure Face Centered Cubic
   ( χ ) Electronegativity 2.4    (AR) Atomic Radius 1.44  Å
   Physical State Solid (C) Heat Capacity 0.129  J/g °C
Electronic-Config [Xe]  4f14  5d10  6s1     (I1) First Ionization E 890.07  kJ/mol
   (ΔHvap) Heat of Vaporization 324  kJ/mol     (ΔHfus) Heat of Fusion 12.55  kJ/mol
   Year of Discovery Known to the Ancients    Location of Discovery n/a
(E°) Standard Potential Au+⇔ Au (1.830 V),   Au3+⇔ Au (1.520 V)
Stable isotopes  197Au
Discovered/Synthesized by Know to the Ancients
Natural Source Found as the native metal and electrum (a gold-silver alloy)
Common Uses Jewelry, coins, ultra-thin gold leaf, electric contacts
Other Info Latin name: Aurum
Widely used in Jewelry and electronics
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